The cushing’s syndrome is a type of hormonal disorder which is caused due to the prolonged exposure of the tissues of the body to high levels of the cortisol hormone. The hypercortisolism or Cushing’s syndrome is quite rare and it most commonly affects the adults in the age group of 20 to 50. The people who are obese and those who have type 2 diabetes with poor control on the blood glucose level or blood sugar level have the risk of developing the cushing’s syndrome. Those with high blood pressure also have the risk of developing this disorder.
The symptoms of cushing’s syndrome vary depending on the individual. Most of them with this disorder suffer from obesity. They will have round face, fat around the neck and slender arms and limbs. The children with this disorder have slow rates of growth and they tend to be obese.
The other symptoms appear in the skin. The skin becomes too fragile and thin, gets bruises very easily and also heals poorly. Pink or purple stretch marks might appear on the abdomen, buttocks, thighs, arms and breasts. These people will have weak bones and the every day tasks like lifting, bending and even getting up from a chair will result in backaches, rib or spine fractures.
Women suffering from this disorder will have excess growth of hair on the face, chest, abdomen, neck and thighs. They might get irregular menstrual periods or may not get them. Men with this disorder may have lower fertility. They might even suffer from erectile dysfunction.
The other common symptoms of this disorder are weak muscles, severe fatigue, high glucose level, high blood pressure, irritability, anxiety, depression, increased thirst, increased urination and accumulation of fat between the shoulders.