The spine is made up of several bones, which have cartilage bones in between them. A disc is nothing but a circular formation of the connective tissue, having a gel like core at the center. The disc acts as a protective buffer that makes it flexible in its nature. A slipped Disc is a condition where in the soft portion of the disc slightly bulges out of the circular part of the connective tissue. The term ‘Slipped Disc’ does not actually mean the condition since the disc do not slip but it is due to the bulging of the disc bit outwards the normal position.
Causes of a Slipped Disc
Slipped Disc can be caused due to the poor health of the disc, which is the result of unhealthy lifestyles and food habits. Regular use of tobacco, inadequate nutrition supply to the bones, and lack of regular exercises are some of the causes of slipped disc.
Age is also one of the common factors for slipped Disc. The natural biochemical changes that take place inside the body cause the disc to get dry out naturally, thereby affecting the strength of the disc and its resiliency.
Habit of poor postures, incorrect body mechanics, and hard physical labors also put extra stress on the spinal region causing slipped disc condition. Slipped Disc mainly causes severe pain at the back, this is because of the pressure on the spinal cord, nerve roots and the cauda equine region. The symptoms also include loss of control over bladder functioning, paralysis of both the legs, disturbance of feeling in the rectum and inside the thighs etc.
Treatment for Slipped Disc
Physical therapy can reclaim your life back and it has become a required step in fighting against slipped Disc. A physical therapist can guide as how to handle with heavy loads by teaching safe lifting techniques, proper walking and sitting postures without putting extra pressure on back nerves, proper clothing etc. They can also educate the patients by teaching the ways of strengthening the muscles of the lower back and abdomen thereby encouraging the support for the spinal region.
Doctors often recommend the use of back braces and few weight belts for the sufferers, to avoid injuries happening to the back due to the heavy strain causing by the heavy liftings.